Council of Chalcedon and its Consequences

Fr. Dr.Thomson Robi


The Council of Chalcedon was an important epoch making event in the history of Christianity because it changed the flow of history. This council formed the fundamental principles of Christology. In the first Quarter of the 5th century a new Christological controversy originated in the church. In this circumstances the Fourth Ecumenical Council i.e. Council of Chalcedon held in 451, from 8 October until 1 November at Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor. Its principal purpose was to assert the Orthodox Catholic doctrine against the heresy of Eutyches and the Monophysites, although ecclesiastical discipline and jurisdiction also occupied the council's attention. Council of Chalcedon made a lasting contribution to the faith of the church. This council divided the church in to two: Eastern and Western or the non- Chalcedonians and Chalcedonians. This was an important event in the history of the development of Christian church. The Council of Chalcedon with its dogmatic definition did not put an end to the controversy concerning the natures of Christ and their relation to each other. Therefore this council was an important episode in the history of Christianity.

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