A Co-relational study to identify prevalence of computer related health hazards and its relationship with selected factors among computer professionals of selected IT firms of Kolkata, West Bengal

Mahuya Karmakar

Abstract


Background- Millions of people around the world now use computers as their primary business tool. In the last decade or so, the number of hours people use computers has increased tremendously. With this increase in the use of computers, problems have also increased. Computer related health problems are caused by improper use and lack of knowledge about “Safe computing techniques”.

The ever increasing use of computers in various fields has led to rise in musculoskeletal problems related to its operation. Apart from ergonomic design factors, number of psychosocial workplace factors have emerged that may influence the biomechanical load or the reactions to workplace stress. So the purpose of the study was to assess the magnitude of problems related to computer use related health hazards.

Methods- A total of 100 IT professionals were included as study subjects. The Conceptual Framework of the study was based on Rosenstock’s (1974) and Becker and Maiman’s (1975) Health Belief Model. Non Probability Purposive sampling technique was used. Structured knowledge questionnaire under the sub headings of physiological, psychological and work related factors were used to collect data. Content validity and reliability of the tool was established.

Result- No significant correlation was found between computer use related factors and health hazards. Significant association was found between the marital status of the respondents and their anxiety, stress and depression score at chi value of 5.8992*, 4.2087* and 3.896* respectively which was significant at 0.05 level at df-98.

Conclusion- The recommendations are offered that study can be replicated on larger sample as the findings cannot be broadly generalized as it was conducted only in one IT firm and was confined to small numbers of computer professional. 


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