Problem of Bodo People in BTC

Subhash Talukdar


Bodos are one of the oldest Tribes of Assam. According to the historians, the Bodos are a race of the Mongoloid group of people who are described to be the inhabitants of a north of the Himalayas and west of China. With the passage of time, they migrated to the Bullungbuthur valley (Brahmaputra valley) and lived there till the 3rd Century. 1 The Bodos had only a few leaders and guided among them. One of them was Kalicharan Brahma. He was known as Gurudev.

Gurudev Kalicharan Brahma was not only a preacher and social reformer; he was also a great unifier of the Bodo community. Unfortunately, disunity started among the Bodos after the death of Kalicharan Brahma. This made the entire community disintegrated and the political leaders from upper caste ignored the Bodos. Thus, when the country won independence in 1947, the Bodos could not get due important and facilities despite being the largest Tribal community of the North-East India.

The Bodos could realize this sheer neglect of the community by the higher castes and political authorities of the time. Accumulation of anger and dissatisfaction compelled them to launch several movements for the preservation of their ethnic identity. They realized that every passing moment had threatened their very existence as a separate Tribal community, which had a glorious past. At this hour of identity crisis, the Bodos once again began to unite and started unified movements for the realization of their social goal through political means.

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